I. The Rapture vs. 2nd Coming: Two Separate Events

Rapture versus 2nd Coming: two separate events

II. Resource: click here to read The Rapture & The Jewish Wedding

III. Harpazo Typology in Scripture

“Harpazo” is the greek word for the phrase “caught up” found in 1 Thess. 4:17 and Rev. 12:5.

Harpazo: Greek 726 found in 1 Thess. 4:17 and Rev. 12:5 in the phrase “caught up.” Meaning: to seize, catch up, snatch away, obtain by robbery (thief in the night). Suggests a taking by force, a snatching out of danger. This is not the same thing as the gentle ascension of Jesus in Acts 1:9 where he was “taken up,” which is Greek 1869 and means “to lift up, raise.”

a. Enoch (type of Church), Noah (type of Israel protected through judgment)

  • Enoch pleased God and was taken by Him (Gen. 5:24, Heb. 11:5) before the flood.
  • His great-grandson Noah faithfully obeyed God, built an ark, and was kept safely through the water. (Heb. 11:7)
  • The unrighteous perished.

b. Lot, a type of the Church; Sodom & Gomorrah, the unrighteous

  • The angels could not do anything until Lot was taken out of Sodom & Gomorrah. They literally took them by the hand and led them out of the city when Lot & his family weren’t moving fast enough! (Gen. 19:12-24, 29)
  • God destroyed S&G with brimstone and fire.
  • But his wife looked behind & became a pillar of salt…this is significant; haven’t explored this typology but something is here.

c. Joseph a type of Christ:

  • Rejected by his brothers (Jews)
  • Takes a Gentile bride before 7-year famine / she is not seen or mentioned after this
  • Reveals himself to his brothers & they were troubled in his presence. (See also Zech. 12:10) He tells them “God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.” (Gen. 45) “But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive. Now therefore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and your little ones. And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them.” (Gen. 50:20-21) Joseph kept them through the famine.

d. Daniel a type of Church; Shadrach, Meshach & Abed-Nego a type of Israel; Nebuchadnezzar a type of antichrist. (See Daniel 3)

  • Daniel, ruler of the whole province of Babylon & chief of the governors and over all the wise men, was hidden or absent in the day of Nebuchadnezzar’s golden image. He is not mentioned anywhere whatsoever on this greatly auspicious day. (Dan. 2:48-Dan. 3)
  • Shadrach, Meshach & Abed-Nego refused to “take the mark,” (so to speak) and refused to worship the image. (Dan. 3) Compare Rev. 13:14-15.
  • Nebuchadnezzar cast them into the fire.
  • They were saved and protected, kept through the fire by the One who is “like the Son of God.”
 Last Days Prophecy: Jesus is coming soon!

IV. What is the tribulation for?

The term “tribulation” many use for the 7 years preceding the Millennial Kingdom is not the best term. It’s more accurate to call it “Daniel’s 70th Week.” The book of Daniel says, "70 weeks are determined for YOUR PEOPLE and YOUR HOLY CITY...." (See Dan. 9:24-27; it’s specific to Israel and not to the nations or peoples of the earth.) These are prophetic weeks consisting of 7 years each. All of the other years were fulfilled to the day. The last week has been unfulfilled. This is what lies ahead. What Jesus referred to as “great tribulation” in Matt. 24:21 is a descriptive phrase for the last half (3.5 years) of this time. 

This period of seven years is also referred to as “Jacob’s Trouble.” (Jer. 30:7) It is for Israel. Right now we are in the age of the Church, while blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles comes in (Rom. 11:25). “Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel.” (Micah 5:3, see also Rev. 12:1-5).

What is this time for? It is for punishment of idolatry and sin. It is for warning and punishing the rest of the unbelievers. It is for the reckoning and restoring of Israel. It is for God's wrath. The major & minor prophets explain this in great detail. While of course God does according to His wisdom and will, and I am so limited in my understanding (and am determined to know only “Christ Jesus and Him crucified” so all of the rest is secondary) there is no scriptural purpose for the Church to be present during this time which is specifically oriented around Israel. There cannot be two saving gospels at the same time, and the everlasting gospel proclaimed in Rev. 14:6-7 is not the same message given to Paul for the church (1 Cor. 15:1-4, Rom. 10:8-10). We aren’t needed as witnesses. The 2 witnesses will preach for the first 3.5 years of this time (Rev. 11) and will be known / seen / heard all over the world likely due to the Internet / live camera feeds, etc. The angel will fly through the heavens proclaiming the everlasting gospel (Rev. 14:6-7). Some believe the 144,000 sealed servants / the Jewish remnant (Rev. 7 & Rev. 14) are also witnesses during this time.

The Church is not appointed to wrath (1 Thess. 5:9-10). As the Church, our sins have been atoned for on the cross. We will stand before the judgment seat of Christ (2 Cor. 5:10, 1 Cor. 3:9-15). We do not need to be punished for our sin....Jesus already took our punishment for us and we are justified by His blood. While God deals with His unfaithful wife (Ez. 16, Ez. 23, all of Hosea, Jer. 3) whom He divorced and will restore, on earth, the Church will be in heaven with the Lamb.

Those who will become martyrs in the time of Jacob's trouble are those who did not put their faith in Christ Jesus during the dispensation of grace (Eph. 3). God may save a remnant of tribulation saints, but many of them will be required to shed their own blood by refusing to take the mark or worship the beast or image, and therefore will be killed.

If we have not been appointed by God to die for him in this way, then we have been appointed to live for him. “For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's.” Rom. 14:8

“Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.” Luke 21:36

What makes us worthy to escape? “Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God? Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.” John 6:28-29

When we believe on Jesus we receive the free gift of eternal life. We are sealed with the Holy Spirit....“In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, Which is the earnest [down-payment] of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.” Eph. 1:13-14

The harpazo is the redemption of the purchased possession!

Harpazo: Greek 726 found in 1 Thess. 4:17 and Rev. 12:5 in the phrase “caught up.” Meaning: to seize, catch up, snatch away, obtain by robbery (thief in the night). Suggests a taking by force, a snatching out of danger. This is not the same thing as the gentle ascension of Jesus in Acts 1:9 where he was “taken up,” which is Greek 1869 and means “to lift up, raise.”

V. Sermon Notes: The Kingdom of God vs. The Kingdom of Heaven

These are sermon notes from a teaching by Robert Breaker that was helpful for me called the Kingdom of God vs. the Kingdom of Heaven. Please look up the references for more details. This is not exhaustive, but is a good starting point for study.

Kingdom of God: A spiritual kingdom for Jews and Gentiles, the Church

Rom. 14:17 righteousness, peace, joy in the Holy Spirit Luke 17:20-21 does not come with observation; it is within you John 3:3, 5-6 must be born of the Spirit / new birth / born from above / Eph. 1:13 Acts 20:24-25 the gospel of the grace of God is the gospel of the kingdom of God Gal. 5:21-22 those who practice the works of the flesh will not inherit the kingdom of God / fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, etc… Matt. 6:33 Seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness (found in Christ)

Kingdom of Heaven: a physical kingdom for the Jews / Millennial Kingdom

Matt. 10:5-7 do not go to Gentiles. KOH at hand.
Matt. 3:2 repent, KOH at hand.
John 12:13 the king of Israel (shows Jewish mindset)
Mark 11:9-10 kingdom of David (Millennial Kingdom)
Matt. 4:17 Jew preaching to Jews…KOH at hand
Matt. 5:3, 10, 19 works of law, by your own righteousness / keep commandments
Matt. 8:11 Abraham, Isaac & Jacob there

This kingdom could have been established when Jesus came the first time but was postponed because Israel rejected Him.

Matt. 23:13, 37-39

3 rejections: they rejected God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit

They rejected God: Matt. 21:23-33
They rejected Jesus: Mark 15:11-15
They rejected the Holy Spirit: Acts 7:51-60


It is my understanding from these passages & more that after this time of the Church, when God’s focus returns to Israel, it will be to pick up where was left off when Israel rejected Him 3 times. I believe they still had a chance for the KOH before the stoning of Stephen (see Luke 13:7-9) but after Stephen’s testimony and death (Acts 7:51-60) God gave them up. (Micah 5:3 / Romans 9-11). And then did God reveal his secret via Paul (Rom. 16:25-26, 1 Cor. 2:6-8, Eph. 3:1-3, and many more.)

VI. The Gospel of the Kingdom vs. The Gospel of Grace

I am what is known as a pre-trib [although I do not find this term Scripturally accurate], pre-millenial believer in the Son of God, Jesus the Messiah. 

Being pre-trib means that I interpret Scripture to say that the body of Christ, the Church, will not experience what is known as "the tribulation." I believe the Bible is clear that the last seven years of life on earth—at least life as we know it—are for three specific things: to warn unbelievers, to restore Israel, and to punish sin. These seven years are called Daniel's 70th week (based on Dan. 9:24-27), the time of Jacob's Trouble (Jer. 30:6-7), days of indignation (Zeph. 3:8-9), vengeance (Is. 63:3-5), and wrath (Is. 13:9-13Zeph. 1:15Rom. 2:5). The last half of these years are described as a time of "great tribulation" by Jesus (Matthew 24:21).

Right now we live in the age of the Gospel of Grace. This is the dispensation that Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles, was given in order to preach his gospel of salvation through grace by faith. (Rom. 16:25Eph. 2:8Eph. 3:1-7) This is the age of the Church (Eph. 5:23-32Col. 1:1824). As the body of Christ, we are saved simply by believing from the heart that the Son of God, Jesus, died on the cross for our sins, was buried, and rose again the third day according to the Scriptures (1 Cor. 15:1-4Rom. 10:6-13). We aren't required to do anything other than trust.

For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him. 1 Thess. 5:9-10

This is good news! The Church is not appointed to the days of indignation, vengeance or wrath. We do not need the warnings to unbelievers, the punishment of sin (because Christ bore our punishment already on the cross), or God's dealing with Israel. It has never been, nor will it ever be, easier than it is now to become saved. Don't get me wrong—the Christian faith is not an easy life. But the gospel of grace teaches that salvation comes simply through belief because of the atonement we have through Christ. As soon as this dispensation ends, a new one begins—and comes with a new gospel: the Gospel of the Kingdom.


There cannot be two saving gospels at one time. The gospel of grace and the gospel of the kingdom cannot co-exist. Paul wrote, "But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed." (Gal. 1:8) This is important! Because later, in Revelation 14, we do see another gospel preached by an angel: Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people.(Rev. 14:6)


It is the gospel of the kingdom. Jesus said, "But he who endures to the end shall be saved. And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in all the world as a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come." (Matt. 24:13-14) This is not the gospel of salvation by grace through faith. The Gospel of the Kingdom is the message of John the Baptist of repentance for the remission of sins (Mark 1:4) and what Jesus first preached to Israel.

Mark tells us, Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.”(Mark 1:14-15; see also Matt. 4:23Matt. 9:35) It is a gospel of repentance (Matt. 4:179:13Mark 6:12) and of baptism (Matt. 3:11Acts 19:3-5). We know that Israel rejected and crucified the Messiah, and so God turned for a time with grace to the Gentiles (Rom. 3:24Rom. 11:6Rom. 11:11-12Rom. 11:25-26). But God is not finished with Israel. After the Church is caught up to God, the gospel of the kingdom will be preached once again...

...and then the end will come. (Matt. 24:14)

In addition to the preaching angel, it is my belief that this gospel will be preached by the two witnesses (Rev. 11:2-12) who prophesy for 1260 days (three & a half years). Some also teach that the Jewish remnant, the 144,000 from the twelve tribes of Israel who have the seal of God on their foreheads (Rev. 7:3-8), will proclaim this gospel.

    Salvation During the Tribulation.jpeg

    VII. Salvation in the Tribulation

      In my humble understanding of Scripture, the rapture of the church will bring a close to the age of grace. Right now we we are saved by grace through faith in the blood of Jesus, who died for our sins on the cross. During the age of grace, we are not saved by works (Eph. 2:8-9). We are saved by the "blood of the Lamb and the word of our testimony," which is our faith (Rev. 12:11). However, one who is not saved during the age of grace will be "left behind" and need to have faith + works to be saved. They will be persecuted by the devil and those the devil influences (Rev. 12:17). They will need to have the faith of Jesus and not take the mark, number, or name of the beast, and therefore will likely lose their lives through beheading, according to prophecy. (See Revelation 13 and Revelation 14:6-13.)


      1. Seven Gospels
      2. The Kingdom of God vs. The Kingdom of Heaven
      3. Dispensational Salvation
      4. End Times Part 3: The Tribulation
      5. The Tribulation Gospel